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Its headquarters are in Fort Meade, Maryland. The NSA grew out of the communications intelligence activities of U. It was established in by a presidential directive from Harry S. Truman in which he specified its mission as. The NSA was created in part out of the belief that the importance and distinct character of communications intelligence warranted an organization distinct from both the armed forces and the other intelligence agencies.
While it operates within the Department of Defense, the NSA also belongs to the Intelligence Community a coalition of 17 intelligence agencies and as such acts under the supervision of the director of national intelligence.
The director of the NSA is a military officer of flag rank i. Not being a creation of Congressthe NSA often acts outside of congressional review; it is the most secret of all U. The agency conducts research into all forms of electronic transmissions.
It also operates posts for the interception of als around the world. Inamendments to FISA relaxed those restrictions and allowed the agency to monitor domestic communications without a warrant as long as one party is reasonably believed to be outside Nsa just 4 fun United States. In NSA activities were put in the limelight after a former computer security contractor, Edward Snowdenleaked classified information about two surveillance programs—one collecting information from U. Internet service providers PRISM and the second collecting so-called metadata on cellular phone calls information including phone s and length of the calls but not their content.
Those programs were deed to target non-Americans, but they also collected a massive amount of information from Americans with whom those individuals had communicated. Other NSA programs included the extensive, worldwide, and allegedly untargeted collection of text messages Dishfire and of the locations of cell phones. While less known to the American public than the Central Intelligence Agencythe NSA is believed to be far larger in size in terms of workforce and budget.
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The NSA is the largest, most expensive, and perhaps least known of all U. Its basic function is als intelligence—the making and breaking of codes and ciphers. Created by presidential directive inthe NSA has remained, despite its enormous size and worldwide activities,…. History at your fingertips. up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! address.
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